Discipleship 101-6: Jesus, the Cross and the Resurrection


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What did the cross accomplish? 

Jesus came to this earth and lived as a human, tempted as all of us are and yet he was without sin.  He lived a life of love and compassion.  He healed, forgave sins, taught and stayed in communion with the Father God.  Yet, many Jews wanted to kill him.  Eventually he was arrested and put on trial and then sentenced to death.  He knew this would happen but it was the will of God.  And though he asked God to help him and not put him through that, he gave his own will over to God, the Father.  Read Luke 22:39-46.  So he was arrested.  READ:  LUKE 22:47-53.  He was put in jail and brought before the council of chief priests and then Pontius Pilate READ: LUKE 22:66-71 and 23:1-5.  Then, Luke 23:18-23:56.

Let’s recap who Jesus is:  Remember he is fully human and yet, without sin.  Why was it necessary for him to be perfect?

  • He had to be perfect in order to qualify to be the sacrificial offering for sin.
    • All OT types of sacrifices must be perfect. {This is interesting to me because living in Bolivia I watch offerings to Pachamama, and it doesn’t matter if they are perfect or not.  In fact, Pachamama (mother earth) will accept anything, including drunkards that kill themselves for her.}
  • Jesus was in perfect obedience in contrast to Adam’s disobedience.
  • Adam was sinless before he disobeyed, so the payment for his disobedience must be sinless.
  • Jesus then could be the High Priest and Mediator for the people, for us, to bring us to God.

Why did we need a sacrifice? 

  • WE could not accomplish holiness on our own—No one is righteous, there is not one. Rom 3:10, Rom 3:23
  • The sin of Adam killed the relationship with God, it brought death to that relationship. Rom 5:12, Rom 6:23a
  • Without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins. Heb 9:22  and Leviticus 17:11

 What did Adam’s sin bring to this world and to mankind?

  • Separation from God. Isaiah 59:2
  • Slavery to sin. John 8:34
  • Anger, Wrath of God. Rom 1:18
  • Eternal Death. The soul that sins, it shall die.  Ezekiel 18:20; Rom 6:23a
  • Jer 3:25
  • Made us a sinner, unholy, unrighteous Rom 3:10; 3:23
  •  Isaiah 53:6
  • Made us to serve in the kingdom of darkness. Colossians 1:13

 Jesus was the sacrifice for our sins.  What did the sacrifice of Jesus accomplish for us?

  • Jesus came to seek and save the lost, and to give his life as a ransom.  Luke 19:10
  • He redeemed us and blessed us. Galatians 3:14
  • He reconciled us. 2 Cor. 5:18
  • Atoned for our sin. Rom 3:25
  • Freed us from slavery to sin. Rom 6:17, 18
  • Removed our shame of sin.
  • Removed God’s wrath. Rom 5:9
  • Delivered from shame Rom 10:11 and now shames our enemies. Psalm 44:7
  • Became our substitute.
  • Translated us from the kingdom of darkness to the kingdom of light. Col 1:13
  • He Justified us, Rom 3:24, 28
  • He sanctified us. Romans 6:22

In other words, Jesus’ sacrifice of his life restored all the things that Adam’s sin destroyed.  Jesus’ death on the cross in payment for sin brought us back into relationship with God the Father.

The death of Jesus and resurrection is unique.

His death on the cross is totally unique to religion.  In no other religion is there a god making the sacrifice to bring any human into a relationship with him.  You cannot reach the state of Nirvana, you cannot be reincarnated into a better life form, you cannot reach the ultimate state through faith in that god.  In other religions you must achieve a higher state on your own, you must accomplish the tasks those gods have set before you or suffer the consequences and punishment of that god.

Only Christianity says you cannot reach God by yourself or by your works.  Your works are as filthy rags before him and your sin separates you from him.  IN essence, you and I are doomed to our own destruction….BUT….WAIT…Jesus came to pay the price of your sins for you.  And if you will have faith in him and his accomplished work, you then can come into the very presence of God, and experience a loving relationship with him.  Ephesians 2:8,9 says “For by grace you have been saved through faith.  And this is not of your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast.”

Christ died to pay the price for our sin, but he did not stay dead.  He rose from the dead and it is through believing that he paid that price and rose from the dead that we are saved.

What is the resurrection?  Why is it important? Can I be a Christian without believing in the resurrection? Can I believe that Christ was just a good guy and that would cover my bases? —NO!

To be a Christian you need Christ and his accomplished work applied to YOU!

It is through the sacrifice of Jesus that we are now made clean from our sins, and made holy to be brought into a relationship with God; and it is through the resurrection of Jesus from the dead that we know that the words of Christ are true and that the relationship with God is eternal.

READ Luke 24:1-12

 What did the resurrection accomplish? 

“But if there is no resurrection from the dead, then not even Christ has been raised.  And if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is in vain and your faith is in vain.”  1 Cor. 15:14.

We realize that we are not trusting in a myth.  If Jesus would not have raised from the dead we would not know there is a resurrection of the dead nor that he paid the price for our sins.

His resurrection our resurrection as well.  He is the first, he has gone before us.

His resurrection shows us that the body is not evil.  Jesus was resurrected in his body, he said touch it, he wasn’t a ghost.  He ate.  And therefore, our bodies will be raised as well.  How?  They will be changed and this mortality will put on immortality.

His resurrection  shows us that the power of God did not die with him.  That power raised him from the dead and is alive and well today.

His resurrection shows his supremacy over all religious leaders.  No one else, no other god has ever raised from the dead.

“But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep.  For since by a man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead.  For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive.”  1 Cor. 15:20;  See also Romans 5:17-19




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